5G IN ACTION: CUSTOMS PROCESS MANAGEMENT

Where has 5G been deployed to enable customs process management?

The 5G Logistics project based at Bristol Port uses 5G to enable geofencing and the real-time monitoring of goods for customs purposes in a potential Freeport multiple zone scenarios. This will enable improved coordination between Freeports and linked free zones and replace existing manual scanned barcode automation, meaning quicker and easier movement through customs points.  With plans to create 8 new Freeports across the UK, the learnings from this project can be transferred to other UK ports and Enterprise zones.

From August 2018, together with China Unicom Tianjin and Trunk Technology, ZTE commenced the deployment of a commercial 5G network and a MEC edge cloud system at Tianjin Port's container terminal. Nine 5G macro base stations (3.5 GHz) and a MEC edge computing service platform were deployed to provide a quasi-private 5G network environment that would meet the port's smart computing needs. By November 2019, the project had completed a successful 5G use case in customs traffic management and subsequently, quarantine services at the port. The wireless network distributes shipping data, such as video surveillance and digital inspection records, to the Customs network through 5G MEC. 

The port observed that 5G “improved data security and reduced latency compared to the public 4G network”. Its traditional private network services are now to be gradually switched over to the 5G network to validate and optimise their stability, reliability and security as well as new business models under 5G.

The 5G-LOGGINOV project is deploying 5G connectivity to the Piraeus port in Greece and the port of Koper in Slovenia to support customs processes and checks.  Using 5G enabled cameras on cranes, ultra high-definition video feeds of containers being lifted can detect any tampering with security seals.

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